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Afghanistan November 2016

Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, is situated on a plateau at 1,800 m above sea level, on the foothills of the mythical Hindu Kush Mountains, crossed by the ancient "Silk Road".
Estimated to 600,000 inhabitants in 1978, the largest city in the country has experienced an influx of people from the fighting between the modjaheddins and the communist government troops and Soviet forces and more recently opposing Taliban militias to the forces Governmental organizations.
Kabul currently has 3,550,000 inhabitants living in precarious and sometimes unhealthy conditions, often without running water or electricity. The need to develop sufficient food production, accessible to as many people as possible, is urgent.
After visits of French farms in permaculture and agrobiology, Hamed AKRAM, governor of Kabul and Edriss RAOUF, director of agricultural projects in the Afghan Ministry of Agriculture, wished to experiment with agroecology on plots of 1 to 5 jéribs ( 0.2 ha to 1 ha) on state farms linked to small local farmers. They are supported by the French Development Agency of Kabul.
The objective is to develop food crops, create jobs, increase biodiversity and allow economies and self-sufficiency of small farmers to stop using chemical inputs.
Expert network members Pierre-François Prêt and Thierry Dubuisson took part in an identification mission in November 2016 to set up plots in agroecology, mainly in vegetable production, in the province of Kabul, in connection with farmers local. These experiments began on the grounds of state farms and on an urban garden in a particular, thanks to the motivation of many local actors.
A three-year program should enable the development of autonomous and sustainable peasant agriculture.

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