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ECO AGRICULTURE HOZHO Earth Navajo November 2016

For 20 years Navajo France has been present in Navajo, questions about agriculture and food have emerged from meetings with the Dine people. This observation of the Navajo people met by Lorenza Garcia, representative of Navajo France, echoes the situation in France, Europe and in many regions or countries of the world.
The observation is everywhere the same: A denatured agriculture. Based on the idea that Man is the "owner" of Nature, agricultural productivism has developed in Europe and the United States in the wake of technological leaps, the constitution of large exploitable areas, the use of Pesticides and hybrid varieties. In a few hundred years, agriculture has been able to dramatically reduce production costs and flood product markets at unbeatable prices. The consequences are there: this system by its insatiable appetite, attacks day by day environment, health, cultural specificities and local economies.
An unbalanced diet, an altered health. Too greasy, too sweet, too salty, Western food, inexpensive because produced in enormous quantities, substituted for traditional foods. This system, in a few decades, has mostly destroyed several millennia of traditions, way of life and know-how, which were based on the idea that human activity is not thought independently and against nature and nature. ’environment. Faced with the onslaught of cheap products from large industrial farms, local agricultural production has virtually disappeared.
This project ECO AGRICULTURE HOZHO proposes to accompany farmers and other actors in agriculture and rural life to evolve towards agroecological practices consistent with the current context (agronomic, climatic, economic, sociological and cultural).

With the invaluable assistance of Pierre Rabhi, the Navajo-France Association, the project’s bearer, is planning to support the rehabilitation of an ECO AGRICULTURE in Navajo.

The first stage of this agricultural process was the realization of an inventory of the situation and of the local ecological and agricultural, human, economic and socio-cultural potentials. Traditional knowledge (via living holders) and the aspirations of the Navajo people are the foundation of this study from the soil to the base of the local consumer. Studies and past achievements that have lasted or not have also been considered. This facilitates ownership of actions by local populations and the sustainability of eco-agriculture over the seasons and years.

The first mission of the two practitioners in agroecology took place in November 2016 in order to carry out an initial diagnosis. Two expert practitioners in agroecology with complementary skills in two fields. Culture for the one and the breeding for the other. Marie-Christine Favé, veterinary training member of the Network of AgroEcologists Without Borders (RAESF). They were accompanied by Lorenza Garcia of Navajo France and John Yazzie trained in logging and the history of its Navajo people.

The mission allowed to meet local farmers, individuals with knowledge and practices in agriculture and livestock, visit farms and places of life, and also to create links between the different actors of agriculture. This is to identify the potentials, the current practices, the geoclimatic, sociological and cultural contexts and of course the demands of the Navajos people met.

The mission made it possible to observe varied and more or less difficult soil and climate conditions (erosion, arid environments, climate change, lack of manpower) for agriculture and human life. Agriculture and the everyday life of men oscillate between tradition and modernity. This first work made it possible to identify potential and propose potential. Combining the precepts of traditional Navajo agriculture with openings related to arid agriculture, the link between livestock and crops, a global approach to the domestic and wild living world, agroecology can meet the expectations of Navajos encountered. This in the sense of the autonomy of people, farms and places of life and more widely of the Navajo people.